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联合国秘书长古特雷斯:让2023成为和平与行动之年!

2022-12-20 09:29:42 来源: 联合国公众号 责任编辑:张春 点击图片浏览下一页

联合国秘书长古特雷斯刚刚在纽约总部举行了2022年的最后一场记者会。他向各国媒体记者强调指出,地缘政治分歧使当前诸多全球难题的解决变得更加艰难,有时甚至成了“不可能完成的任务”,但现在绝非“坐以待毙”的时候;事实上,他比任何时候都更有信念,要让2023年成为和平与行动之年。

世界需要的不是完美的解决方案,而是具有实用价值的解决方案,能够对人们的生活产生有意义的影响,还能让世界通往一个更美好与更加和平的未来。他在记者会中总结了2022年的努力,从外交斡旋缓解冲突的硕果到生物多样性新框架的达成,并表达了对2023年新一年气候变化问题发起反击的决心。

古特雷斯再次呼吁为人们寻找解决方案、发起反击并做出行动,从而提升和平与安全,推进实现可持续发展目标并弥合不平等,改革在道德上沦丧的国际金融体系,并在明年迎来《世界人权宣言》通过75周年之际保障所有人的人权,同时为子孙后代留下一个宜居的地球。

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©联合国| 联合国秘书长古特雷斯在年末记者会发表讲话

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古特雷斯秘书长2022年终记者会致辞(英文)

I welcome this opportunity to gather one last time before the end of the year – and I wish you and your families all the best for 2023. 


Our world faced many trials and tests in 2022 – some familiar, others we might not have imagined just one year ago.   


There may be plenty of reasons for despair.   


Geopolitical divides have made global problem solving ever more difficult – sometimes impossible.   


The cost-of-living crisis is hitting hard and inequalities are growing – affecting the world’s women and girls the most.   


Most of the world’s poorest countries find themselves on what one could call, “debt row” – staring down the abyss of insolvency and default.   


This year alone their debt service payments skyrocketed 35% – the largest increase in decades.   


The poor are getting poorer.   

These and so many other challenges make some want to throw up their hands and give up on international problem solving and diplomacy.  


But I end this year with one overriding conviction:   


This is not a time to sit on the sidelines, it is a time for resolve, determination, and – yes – even hope.   


Because despite the limitations and long odds, we are working to push back against despair, to fight back against disillusion and to find real solutions. 


Not perfect solutions – not even always pretty solutions – but practical solutions that are making a meaningful difference to people’s lives.   


Solutions that must put us on a pathway to a better, more peaceful future.   


The most recent example comes from just this morning, at 3:00 a.m.. 


Delegates at the COP15 UN Biodiversity Conference in Montreal agreed on a new Global Biodiversity Framework. 


We are finally starting to forge a peace pact with nature.  


This Framework is an important step for determined diplomacy and I urge all countries to deliver.   


We are also seeing a measure of progress to help address some, unfortunately not all, but some of the world’s festering conflicts. 


Much more, in any case,  must be done in all situations.  But diplomacy has helped pull several conflicts from the brink.   


In Ethiopia, efforts by the African Union to broker peace are a reason for hope.  A cessation of hostilities and implementation agreements are in place.  A pathway to assistance in the northern part of the country is emerging.   


In the Democratic Republic of Congo, diplomatic efforts led by Angola and the East African Community have created a framework for political dialogue to resolve the crisis in the eastern region of the country. 


The truce in Yemen has delivered real dividends for people.  Since then, even if very fragile, there have been no major military operations in a conflict where innocent people have been paying the highest price. 

Civilian flights have resumed from Sanaa.  Vital supplies are finally getting through the port of Hudaydah.   


And even in the brutal war in Ukraine, we have seen the power of determined, discreet diplomacy to help people and tackle unprecedented levels of global food insecurity. 


Despite ongoing challenges, the Black Sea Grain initiative to facilitate exports of food and fertilizers from Ukraine – and a Memorandum of Understanding for unimpeded exports of Russian food and fertilizers to global markets – are making a difference.


Over 14 million metric tons of grain and other foodstuffs have been shipped from Black Sea ports in Ukraine.  


Russian wheat exports have also multiplied three-fold. 


A clear majority of wheat exports under the Black Sea Grain Initiative has been shipped to developing economies.   


This includes some 380,000 metric tons transported by the World Food Programme to support ongoing humanitarian operations in Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Somalia and Yemen. 


And the FAO Food Price Index declined for eight months in a row – by around 15% – keeping millions of people across the globe from falling into extreme poverty. 


But much work remains to be done.  Food prices are still too high and access to fertilizers still too limited.   


We will continue to strive around the clock to support the full implementation of these initiatives -- clarifying exemptions for food and fertilizer within the different sanction regimes, addressing indirect constraints, and pressing for greater efficiencies in the implementation of the Black Sea Grain Initiative to increase the volume of cargo being moved out of Ukraine’s ports.     


And we will not relent in the pursuit of peace in Ukraine.  Peace in line with international law and the United Nations Charter.  


Climate change is another area where good news can be hard to find.  


We are still moving in the wrong direction. 


The global emissions gap is growing.   


The 1.5-degree goal is gasping for breath. 


National climate plans are falling woefully short.  


And yet, we are not retreating. 


We are fighting back.   


We are fighting back to help emerging economies shift away from coal and accelerate the renewable energy revolution.  


This year, major multi-billion dollar Just Energy Transition Partnerships were launched with Indonesia, South Africa and just last week, Viet Nam. 


We are fighting back to restore trust between North and South.   


This year, COP27 delivered a groundbreaking pathway on the long-stalled issue of Loss & Damage.   


We are fighting back to cut through the fog of greenwashing.  


This year, our High-Level Expert Group launched a “how-to” guide on the credible implementation of net-zero pledges for businesses, investors, cities and regions.  


We are fighting back to ensure protection plans for humanity in the face of worsening climate disasters and natural ecosystems. 


This year, we launched an action plan to cover every person in the world with early warning systems within five years.  


Going forward, I will keep pushing for a Climate Solidarity Pact, in which all big emitters make an extra effort to reduce emissions this decade in line with the 1.5-degree goal and ensure support for those who need it.      


There is no doubt that without it, the 1.5-degree goal will soon disappear.   


I have pulled no punches on the imperative for all of us to confront this existential threat. 


And I will not relent. 


So today I am announcing that I will convene a Climate Ambition Summit in September 2023.   


I call on every leader to step up – from governments, business, cities and regions, civil society and finance. 


They must come with new, tangible and credible climate action to accelerate the pace of change.  


The invitation is open.  


But there is a price of entry and the price of entry is non-negotiable — credible, serious and new climate action and nature-based solutions that will move the needle forward and respond to the urgency of the climate crisis must be presented.   


It will be a no-nonsense summit.  No exceptions.  No compromises.   


There will be no room for back-sliders, greenwashers, blame-shifters or repackaging of announcements of previous years.   


The Climate Ambition Summit will be convened alongside a crucial gathering of world leaders to accelerate action at the mid-way point of the Sustainable Development Goals.  


I am more determined than ever to make 2023 a year for peace, a year for action. 


We can’t accept things as they are.   


We owe it to people to find solutions, to fight back and to act.   


At times, discreetly but always with determination – we will fight back. 


To promote peace and security. 


To advance the Sustainable Development Goals and address inequalities. 


To reform a morally bankrupt international financial system. 


To ensure human rights for all as we mark next year’s 75th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 


And to deliver a livable planet to our children and grandchildren.  


Thank you.


振奋人心的成果与希望

全球生物多样性框架

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©CBD| 联合国生物多样性公约第十五届会议在加拿大蒙特利尔召开

古特雷斯秘书长指出,参加《生物多样性公约》第十五次缔约方大会第二阶段会议的代表们早些时候就一份新的全球生物多样性框架达成一致,这无疑为人类与自然带来了新的希望。


古特雷斯对此表示肯定并指出,这代表着人类终于开始与大自然缔结“和平协定“,这一框架是坚定外交的重要一步。他呼吁所有国家兑现承诺。

外交缓解冲突与粮食危机

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©粮食署| 世界粮食计划署的现金补助支持刚果民主共和国的流离失所者

古特雷斯强调,得益于不断的外交努力,在世界多地不断发酵的冲突得以“悬崖勒马”。


在埃塞俄比亚,非盟促成的和平协定为提格雷地区的人道主义局势提供转机;在刚果民主共和国,安哥拉和东非共同体领导的外交努力为解决该国东部的危机建立了政治对话框架;在也门,休战协议则给冲突中无辜的平民带来了实实在在的红利。

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©联合国| 联合国秘书长古特雷斯在第77届联大会议开幕式上提及黑海谷物倡议为缓解粮食危机作出贡献

古特雷斯还提及了乌克兰冲突下“黑海谷物倡议”的达成。他表示,在战火纷飞的乌克兰冲突中,坚定的静默外交依然有强大的力量,帮助着人们应对前所未有的全球粮食不安全状况。

2022年7月22日,联合国、俄罗斯、土耳其和乌克兰在土耳其的伊斯坦布尔达成“黑海谷物倡议”。自“黑海谷物倡议”签署以来,已有超过1400万吨谷物和粮食产品从乌克兰运出,俄罗斯的小麦出口量也增长了两倍。其中,很大部分小麦被运往发展中国家,有近38万吨被世界粮食计划署用于在阿富汗、埃塞俄比亚、索马里和也门实施的人道主义行动。

同时,联合国粮食及农业组织的食品价格指数已连续八个月下降,降幅达到约15%,使全球数百万人免于陷入极端贫困。

希望实现乌克兰和平

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©人道协助厅| 联合国向赫尔松提供人道主义援助,该市最近重新回到乌克兰政府的控制之下

古特雷斯还重申,联合国将坚定不移地追求乌克兰的和平,并使得这一和平符合国际法与《联合国宪章》

在回答记者提问时,他坦言称,俄罗斯与乌克兰的武装冲突应该还会持续,对双方立即展开真正有效的和平谈判并不抱有幻想。但他表示,在等待这一时机成熟之前,联合国将坚持在加强执行黑海谷物倡议的有效性以及促成俄乌交换战俘等方面持续展开工作,尽量将战争带来的痛苦最小化。

不过,古特雷斯秘书长仍然强调,“强烈希望2023年能在乌克兰实现和平”。

全球排放差距

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©儿基会|参加气候变化活动的孩子们

在谈到气候变化问题时,古特雷斯直言,当即人类仍然在朝着错误的方向行进,全球排放量的差距还在扩大,1.5摄氏度的控温目标难以维系;但幸好,“我们并没有退缩,我们在发起反击

  • 第27届联合国气候变化大会上,长期被搁置的损失和损害问题终于获得突破性的新道路;

  • 联合国高级别专家组也为私营部门、投资者、城市和地区切实履行净零排放承诺指明了方向;

  • 五年内实现早期预警全覆盖的行动计划得以启动。

古特雷斯强调,他还将在此基础上继续推动达成一项气候团结协定,让所有排放大国在这个十年当中做出额外的减排努力。

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©联合国|COP27期间民间活动家举行游行抗议

古特雷斯还宣布,将在2023年9月召集一次气候雄心峰会,呼吁来自公共部门与私营部门的每一个领导人加大应对气候变化的努力。

他表示,“这次峰会发出的邀请是开放的,但‘入场费’不能讨价还价,所有人必须带着可靠、认真和全新的气候行动以及基于自然的解决方案而来。”他表示,该峰会绝不会给漂绿和重新包装承诺的行为任何空间,也不会欢迎气候承诺的倒退者与推卸责任的人。

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©环境署| 绿动蓝盔部队

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